The Okavango Delta must truly be one of Africa's most enchanted places, and very unique in the world. The Okavango river is the only river that ends in an delta, in a desert, the Kalahari Desert. This make the Delta a remarkable phenomenon.
The Okavango River start in the highlands of Angola, and from here flow in a south-eastern direction towards Namibia. In Angola, the river is known as the Cabangu, and on the Namibian side, the Kavango. In Botswana it is called the Okavango.
The Okavango River is an slow flowing river, and even when in flood, it rise slowly. During the summer rains on the Angolan highlands, the river start to build-up volume and various other rivers flowing into it, made it go into flood. It take six months for the highland water to reach the Okavango Delta. So, in winter the Delta start to rise, and floods the Delta-floodplains.
Without the Okavango river and her famous delta, Botswana would not had the spectacular wildlife and wilderness areas. The Okavango Delta is the centre point of Botswana's tourism industry, wildlife and birdlife. The Savuti, Moremi and Chobe regions are all connected to the Delta in one way or another.
Thousands of varios birdlife and wildlife make the Delta a prime wildlife experience area, where elephant, hippo, buffalo, lion, and most other game (including eland, kudu, roan antelope, and if you're lucky even leopard) can be seen in abundance. Bird life (both in the delta and dry-land sections) is excellent especially along the Khwai River region. During the dry season a congregation of all species, (bird and wildlife), along permanent rivers and water holes makes Moremi Game Reserve one of the most unforgettable wildlife experiences in Africa!
The Moremi Game Reserve is administered today by the Department of Wildlife and National Parks of Botswana; it is a rich and fascinating area. The Moremi Game Reserve forms an intricate part of the Okavango Delta, comprising permanently swamped areas, seasonally swamped areas, and dry land such as the Savuti.
Located on the northeast side of the Okavango Delta, the Moremi section is probably the prime tourist destination in Botswana, due to the fact that it encompasses several different types of ecological zones. The total surface area of this reserve is 4 871 square kilometres. This is almost one-third of the Okavango Delta, and form an important migration route for thousands of antelope and elephant.
The best time for game viewing
in the Okavango Delta is during the period between
May and October period, as the animal gather along
the flooded areas as the vegetation has dried out.
The most impressive month is August, when the champagne-coloured water is at its deepest. The best time for birding and vegetation is during the rainy season when most of the young are born. This is the time between November and April, as the migrant bird populations are returning, and the vegetation is lush and green.